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新目标九年级英语Unit1单元知识点小结

兔笨笨英语网2018-06-20 03:57:43

1. by + doing 通过……方式 如:by studying with a group

 by 还可以表示:“在…旁”、“靠近”、“在…期间”、“用” 、“经过”、“乘车”等。

如:I live by the river.        

I have to go back by ten o’clock.

The thief entered the room by the window.

The student went to park by bus.

2. talk about 谈论,议论,讨论 

如:The students often talk about movie after class.

学生们常常在课后讨论电影。

talk to sb. = talk with sb. 与某人说话

3. 提建议的句子:

What/ how about +doing sth.?

如:What/ How about going shopping? 

Why don’t you + do sth.? 

如:Why don’t you go shopping?

Why not + do sth. ? 

如:Why not go shopping?      

Let’s + do sth.

如: Let’s go shopping

Shall we/ I + do sth.? 

如:Shall we/ I go shopping?

4. a lot 许多  常用于句末 如:I eat a lot. 我吃了许多。

5. too…to 太…而不能  常用的句型 too + adj./adv. + to do sth.

如:I’m too tired to say anything. 我太累了,什么都不想说。

6. aloud, loud与loudly的用法

   三个词都与"大声"或"响亮"有关。

  ①aloud是副词,重点在出声能让人听见,但声音不一定很大,常用在读书或说话上。通常放在动词之后。aloud没有比较级形式。

如: He read the story aloud to his son.

他朗读那篇故事给他儿子听。

loud可作形容词或副词。用作副词时,常与speak, talk, laugh等动词连用,多用于比较级,须放在动词之后。如: She told us to speak a little louder. 她让我们说大声一点。

loudly是副词,与loud同义,有时两者可替换使用,但往往含有令人讨厌或打扰别人的意思,可位于动词之前或之后。

如:  He does not talk loudly or laugh loudly in public. 他不当众大声谈笑。

7. not …at all 一点也不  根本不  

如:I like milk very much. I don’t like coffee at all

我非常喜欢牛奶。我一点也不喜欢咖啡。

 not经常可以和助动词结合在一起,at all 则放在句尾。

8. be / get excited about sth.

= be / get excited about doing sth.

= be excited to do sth. 对…感到兴奋

如:I am / get excited about going to Beijing.

=I am excited to go to Beijing. 我对去北京感到兴奋。

9. ① end up doing sth    终止做某事,结束做某事  如:

   The party ended up singing. 晚会以唱歌而结束。

 ② end up with sth.    以…结束 如:

   The party ended up with her singing

   晚会以她的歌唱而告终。

10.   first of all 首先

    to begin with 一开始

    later on 后来、随后

11.  also 也、而且(用于肯定句)常在句子的中间(实义动词之前,be动词之后)

   either 也(用于否定句)常在句末

   too  也   (用于肯定句) 常在句末

12. make mistakes 犯错 

如:I often make mistakes. 我经常犯错。

make a mistake 犯一个错误 如I have made a mistake. 

我已经犯了一个错误。

13. laugh at sb. 笑话;取笑(某人) 

如:Don’t laugh at me! 不要取笑我!

14. take notes 做笔记,做记录

15. enjoy doing sth . 喜欢做…乐意做…

如:She enjoys playing football. 她喜欢踢足球。

enjoy oneself 过得愉快 如:He enjoyed himself. 

他过得很愉快。

16. native speaker 说本族语的人

17. make up 组成、构成

18. one of +(the+ 形容词最高级)+名词复数形式 …其中之一

如: She is one of the most popular teachers.

她是最受欢迎的教师之一。

19. It’s +形容词+(for sb. ) to do sth. (对于某人来说)做某事…

如:It’s difficult (for me ) to study English.

对于我来说学习英语太难了。

句中的it 是形式主语,真正的主语是to study English

20. practice doing 练习做某事  如:

  She often practice speaking English. 

  她经常练习说英语。

21. decide to do sth. 决定做某事 如:

  Li Lei has decided to go to Beijing. 

  李雷已经决定去北京。

22. unless 假如不,除非 引导条件状语从句

如:You will fail unless you work hard.

    假如你不努力你会失败。

    I won’t write unless he writes first. 

    除非他先写要不我不写

23. deal with 处理 如:I dealt with a lot of problem.

24. worry about sb./ sth. 担心某人/ 某事

如:Mother worried about his son just now. 

妈妈刚才很担心他的儿子。

25. be angry with sb. 对某人生气 

如:I was angry with her. 我对她生气。

26. perhaps = maybe 也许

27. go by (时间) 过去 如: Two years went by. 两年过去了。

28. see sb. / sth. doing 看见某人正在做某事 强调动作正在发生

see sb. / sth. do 看见某人在做某事

如: She saw him drawing a picture in the classroom. 

她看见他正在教室里画画。

29. each other 彼此

30. regard…as … 把……看作为……  

如:The boys regarded Anna as a fool. 

这些男孩把安娜看成傻瓜了。

31.too many 许多 修饰可数名词复数 如:too many girls

too much 许多 修饰不可数名词 如:too much milk

     much too 太  修饰形容词   如:much too beautiful

32. change…into…  将……变为…… 

如:The magician changed the pen into a book. 

这个魔术师将钢笔变为一本书。

33. with the help of sb. = with one’s help 在某人的帮助下

如:with the help of Li Lei = with Li Lei’s help 

在李雷的帮助下

34. compare …to … 把……与……相比 

如:Compare you to Anna, you are lucky. 

你和安娜相比,你是幸运的。

35.instead 代替 用在句末,副词(字面上常不译出来)

instead of sth. / doing sth. 代替,而不是用在句中,做动词。

如:Last summer I went to Beijing. This year I’m going to Shanghai instead.

去年夏天我去了北京, 今年我将要去上海。

I will go instead of you

我将代替你去。

He stayed at home instead of going swimming. 

他呆在家里而不是去游泳。